Why am i not getting pregnant?

why am i not getting pregnant

It’s a joyful time when trying to conceive a child, but also one that can bring stress and uncertainty if conception is not happening as quickly as expected. Know that many couples take longer than the perceived “normal” time to get pregnant and there are often simple explanations and solutions. Let’s dive into some of the most common reasons for delayed or difficult conception and what steps to take.

Track Your Menstrual Cycle and Fertility signs

The first step is being aware of your cycle and knowing when you ovulate. This involves charting things like basal body temperature, cervical mucus changes, and menstrual period dates. Tracking for several months can reveal patterns that may point to factors like irregular ovulation that could be impacting your chances. Apps like Flo make charting easy. See your obgyn if you aren’t sure when or if you ovulate regularly.

Pay attention to other signs of fertility too, like cervical position and soreness. Though not a guarantee, orgasm from intercourse or stimulation may help conception by drawing sperm farther inside. Relaxation also plays a role, so try to reduce stress when possible.

Consider Your Lifestyle Habits

Unhealthy habits could affect fertility for both partners. For women, being overweight or underweight can disrupt hormones. Carrying extra pounds raises estrogen, throwing off the delicate balance your body needs to sustain a pregnancy. Men with a BMI over 30 typically have lower sperm counts and movement.

Caffeine intake over 200mg per day (about 1-2 cups of coffee) has been linked to fertility issues in some studies as well. Both smoking cigarettes and marijuana are also unadvisable for couples trying to conceive. Limiting or avoiding alcohol is prudent too. Make healthy choices most days for your best chances.

Check Your Nutrition

A balanced, whole food-based diet rich in nutrients is important to support reproductive health. Pay attention to:

  • Omega-3 fatty acids from fish, walnuts and chia seeds. Deficiency can affect sperm and egg health.
  • Folate via leafy greens, asparagus and oranges. Aim for 600mcg daily. Low levels correlated to delayed conception in one study.
  • Zinc via oysters, beef and pumpkin seeds. Zinc supports sperm health and production for men.
  • Vitamin D via sunshine, salmon and eggs. Low levels associated with fertility issues.
  • Antioxidants from berries, nuts and vegetables to reduce oxidative stress on reproductive cells.

Build meals around plant-based, lean protein sources like eggs, fish, beans and lentils for overall health. A prenatal or fertility vitamin may help fill any gaps too.

See Your Medical Provider

If efforts persist beyond a year without success, or six months if you’re over age 35, it’s a good idea to check in with your obgyn or primary care doctor. They can evaluate possible explanations like abnormal periods, low sperm count or motility, fibroids, endometriosis, thyroid conditions or polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).

Should problems be identified, medications or procedures may be able to resolve them. If not, assisted reproduction options could be discussed such as intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilization (IVF) if necessary given each couple’s particular case. Early investigation finds answers faster.

Consider Environmental Toxins

More research is still needed, but exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) found in plastics, non-stick pans, plastic water bottles and canned foods is a rising concern some studies link to dropping human fertility worldwide. Reducing plastic usage when possible may be a wise step to support your reproductive health alongside a healthy diet and lifestyle.

Manage Emotional Stress

Feelings of anxiety, worry, frustration and sadness are normal parts of the fertility journey, but high ongoing stress could also play a role by disrupting your cycle through its effects on hormones and other body functions. Find ways of unwinding daily like exercise, prayer, meditation or enjoyable pastimes that work for you. Social support also helps many stay optimistic.

Try Relaxation Techniques

Whether you practice deep breathing, yoga, mindfulness meditation, or progressive muscle relaxation before and around ovulation, relaxation routines may support fertility. One study found these improved sperm health and pregnancy rates for military couples facing deployment stress and conceiving quickly. Gentle practices aim to counter stress responses hormonally and could benefit you as well.

Consider Seeing a Specialist

If initial testing and treatment shows you are ovulating regularly with no underlying medical issues, yet after 6-12 frustrating months success still does not happen, seeing a fertility specialist who can conduct more advanced analysis could expedite answers. They may check hormone levels at multiple cycle points, perform ultrasound exams for both partners, or recommend assisted reproductive treatments if indicated to help viable embryos implant after sex.

Maintain Hope

Most couples do achieve pregnancy within a year of regular ovulation and unprotected intercourse without medical reasons identified for struggling. Keep communicating with your partner, avoid obsessive symptom spotting, have compassion for yourself, and remember that this stage will pass whether achieving pregnancy or blessed in other ways when ready. With medical evaluation and healthy lifestyle habits in combination, your chances are very good that conception will happen.

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